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250px-2007 Chevrolet Suburban LT -- 07-10-2010 1
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Template:Refimprove Template:This Template:Distinguish Template:Infobox Automobile The Chevrolet Suburban is a large sport utility vehicle from Chevrolet. It is the longest-lived continuous automobile nameplate still in production, dating from 1935. The Suburban has been produced under the Chevrolet, Holden, and GMC marques until the GMC version was rebranded as the GMC Yukon XL. For most of its recent history, the Suburban has been a station wagon-bodied version of the Chevrolet pickup truck, including the Chevrolet C/K series of truck-based vehicles. Cadillac offers a version called the Escalade ESV. The Suburban has traditionally been one of General Motors' most profitable vehicles.

HistoryEdit

Many automotive companies in the United States used the "Suburban" name to indicate a windowed, station wagon type body on a commercial frame including Dodge, Plymouth, Studebaker, Nash, Chevrolet, and GMC. Chevrolet began production of its all-steel "carryall-suburban" in 1935. GMC brought out its version in 1937. These vehicles were also known as the "Suburban Carryall" until GM cut the name to simply "Suburban." With the end of production of the Dodge Town Wagon in 1966 and the Plymouth Suburban station wagon in 1978, only General Motors continued to manufacture a vehicle branded as a "Suburban", and they were awarded an exclusive trademark on the name in 1988. The Chevrolet Suburban is one of the largest SUVs on the market today. It has outlasted many competitive vehicles such as the International Harvester Travelall, Jeep Wagoneer, and the Ford Excursion. The latest competitor is the extended Ford Expedition EL, which replaced the Excursion. The Suburban of today is a full-size SUV with three rows of seating, a full pickup truck frame, and V8 engine. It is one of the few station wagons available with all bench rows. The Suburban retains the same height and width dimensions as the Chevrolet Tahoe, with an additional 20 inches added on to the length of the vehicle. The extra length provides a full-sized cargo area behind the up to 9 passengers to carry their luggage for an extended trip, and tow a sizeable trailer. This class of truck remains much more popular than full-sized vans which can carry even more passengers and tow trailers.Template:Citation needed In recent years, the Suburban has been popular as a police car, fire chief's vehicle, or EMS fly-car. Suburbans are also popular when converted for duty as a limousine. The Hard Rock Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas operates a fleet of purple Suburbans to serve VIP patrons and high rollers. The United States Secret Service mainly uses black Suburbans, and operates fully armoured versions for the President of the United States when he attends less formal engagements. In the late 1990s, GM also introduced a RHD version of the Suburban, badged as a Holden, for the Australian consumer. It proved to be a failure, however, and GM withdrew the Suburban in 2000 from Holden's lineup. It continues to be exported in Australia with the Chevrolet badge.

1933–1934 Edit

Template:Infobox Automobile generation Chevrolet offered a station wagon body, built on the 1/2 ton truck frame. This model was specifically built for National Guard units and Civilian Conservation Corps units. Much of the body was constructed from wood, and could seat up to eight occupants. Template:Clear

1935–1940 Edit

Template:Infobox Automobile generation Chevrolet offered the body style as a "Carryall Suburban". These share the front sheetmetal and frames of the 1/2 ton pickup models of the same year, but featured all-metal wagon bodies differing very little in shape from contemporary "woodie" wagons. Seating for up to eight occupants was provided, with three in front row, two in the middle row, and three in the rear row. Either rear panel doors or a rear tailgate/lift window were provided for easy loading and unloading of luggage. Template:Clear

1941–1947 Edit

Template:Infobox Automobile generation Suburbans were built in model years 1941, 1942, and 1946. Seating for up to eight occupants was provided. Models with rear panel doors were designated "3106," while those with tailgates were designated "3116." The Chevrolet versions were equipped a 216 cubic inch 6 cylinder engine. The GMC version was equipped with a 228 cubic inch 6 cylinder engine. Template:Clear

1947–1955 Edit

Template:Infobox Automobile generation Beginning in 1954, the Hydra-Matic 4-forward-speed automatic transmission is available in the Chevrolet Suburban (GMC offered this transmission in 1953). As with the Art Deco series, models with rear panel doors were designated "3106," while those with tailgates were designated "3116." This was the last series to feature "Canopy Express" models. Template:Clear

1955–1959 Edit

Template:Infobox Automobile generation Engines included I-6 and the small block V-8s. Chevrolet used its 265 V-8 engine, later evolving it to a 283-cubic-inch version. GMC based their V-8 on a Pontiac design. Standard Suburban model numbers continued from the previous series, but the introduction of four-wheel-drive models in 1957 added the numbers "3156" for 4WD Suburbans with panel doors, and "3166" for 4WD Suburbans with tailgates. Template:Clear

1960–1966 Edit

Template:Infobox Automobile generation The styling of the 1960 - 1961 model year took cues from the late 1950s Chevrolet cars and had large oval ports above the grille. The cab featured a "wrap around" windshield. Both tailgate and "barn door" rear openings were available. From 1962 onwards, the hood styling was 'toned down' a bit, with a more modern looking hood that eliminated the large ports. In 1964, the front glass area was updated to a flatter windshield, and larger door glass. This model series introduced a factory-equipped 4WD ("K") option for the first time. The 2WD "C" models introduced a torsion bar-based independent front suspension and trailing arm and coil spring rear. But by 1963, returned to a more conventional coil-spring approach. Engines included both I-6 and small-block V-8s. A 305-cubic-inch 60 degree V-6 was also available on GMC models. The 305 was actually 'brought down' from GMCs medium duty truck line. It featured huge torque numbers, but was also notable for poor fuel economy. One ton (C-30), Template:Convert panel truck models were no longer available after 1966. Template:Clear

1967–1972 Edit

Template:Infobox Automobile generation

File:70s suburban.jpg
File:Green Banks - Chevy Suburban C10 logo.jpg
File:Green Banks - Chevy Suburban C10.jpg

The second generation C/K Suburbans are easily recognised by having only a single drivers side door and two passenger-side doors. They were available in both 2WD and 4WD models. Engines included the V6 (e.g., Chevrolet 292-cubic-inch I6, and GMC 305 cubic inch V-6), and small-block V-8s of the current model year (e.g., 283, 307, 327, 350, 400-cubic-inch V-8s.) For the first time, a three-quarter ton version was available. 1971 saw the introduction of disc brakes on the front wheels, and 1972 was the last year for coil spring rear suspension on 2WD models. This series would also be the last to offer C-10 & C-20 Panel truck models for commercial purposes. Template:Clear

Brazilian version Edit

File:Veraneio89.jpg

In 1964, Chevrolet in Brazil introduced a SUV version of the Suburban called Veraneio (also known as C-14/16). It was based on the 1960-66 US C/K series. The Veraneio used the instrument cluster from the C/K series although the exterior sheet metal layout is exclusive to Brazil. They were initially powered with a Chevrolet 4.2-liter inline six based on the pre-1962 "Stovebolt" engines. Later they used the 250-cid 4.1-liter engine from Chevrolet's Brazilian mid-size sedan - the Opala. The original version of the Veraneio was kept in production, with a another grill and interior, until 1988 (model year 1989), but it was eventually replaced with an updated version based on the C-20 family. In 1997 GM introduced in Brazil the Silverado pickup, replacing the "C Series". The Brazilian version of the Suburban, which was made in the same style of the 1992 American Tahoe until 2001, was called the Grand Blazer, a successor to the Veraneio. The 4.1-liter inline six engine with 138 hp was offered on both models with option for a MWM 4.2-liter turbodiesel unit with 168 hp. Template:Clear

1973–1991 Edit

Template:Infobox Automobile generation With the third generation C/K models, the Suburban became a 4-door vehicle. The rounded 1970s body style remained largely unchanged for 18 model years - making this series the longest in production of any Suburban. Both 2WD and 4WD models, designated "C" and "K", were offered, as well as one-half ton and three-quarter ton ("10" and "20" on the Chevy, "1500" and "2500" for GMC) models. The one ton model designation was the C or K 30 for Chevrolet and 3500 for GMC. The base engine was the small-block 350-cubic-inch V-8. A 400-cubic-inch V-8 was optional. The 454-cubic-inch big-block V-8 was now available for the first time, most commonly in the 2WD three-quarter ton models. The Template:Auto Lrev Template:Convert Detroit Diesel V8 engine was also available from 1982-onwards.[1] The Diesel later became the engine of choice for Suburbans exported to Europe from USA. Three-speed Turbo-Hydramatic automatic transmissions were available for only small block engines. The Turbo-Hydramatic 400 was used for big block and 6.2 diesel engines. The 700R4 4 speed automatic was introduced in 1981 and was available with the small block and the 6.2 diesel. Towing packages, offering gearing reduction, TH400, and cooling additions for heavy loads, were available. A "positraction" limited slip differential was optional. Later vehicles came equipped with rear anti-lock brakes (available on C and K series Suburbans). Trim options included base level, and upgraded Silverado versions. An optional 3rd row bench seat allowed for 9-passenger configurations. A rear heating system was optional, as well, to help heat the long vehicle's interior. In 1981, automatic locking front hubs were added on four-wheel drive models, and the NP208 transfer case replaced the NP205 in most models.[2] In 1986 and 1987, the engines were switched from carburetors to electronic fuel injection. The system that GM chose was called throttle body injection, or TBI. The change improved fuel economy, performance, and emissions. The heavier-duty version of the 700R4, the 4L80-E was added in 1991. GM temporarily changed the usual "C/K" designation to "R" and "V" for the 1987 through 1991 model years. This was done to avoid confusion with the GMT400-based Chevrolet C/K pickup trucks, which were introduced in 1988, during the overlap period. Template:Clearright

1992–1999 Edit

Template:Infobox Automobile generation The GMT400-based Suburbans were introduced in the 1992 model year. This was actually quite late compared to their pickup truck brethren - which switched platforms in the 1988 model year. Both 2WD and 4WD models, again designated "C" and "K", were offered, as well as half ton and three-quarter ton ("1500" and "2500") models. The base engine for all variants was the small-block 5.7 L (350 cu in) V-8. The big-block 7.4 L (454 cu in) V-8 was optional for the 2500 series. The optional 6.5 L Turbo diesel was available on all models - though rare on the 1500 series. The 6.5 L Turbo diesel used in the Tahoe was reduced power to 380 lb/ft torque due to the limitation of the 8.5-inch axle capacity. 1500 Suburbans with the 6.5 L Turbo diesel used the 14 bolt axle from the 2500 series. Transmissions included the 4L60 4-speed automatic in the 1500 series, and the heavier duty 4L80 4-speed automatic in the 2500 series. The manual transmission option from the previous generation was dropped as it was not a popular option. The GMT400 series introduced independent front suspension for a more comfortable ride compared to older models. The 2WD models used coil springs and 4WD models used torsion bars in the front suspension. All models used a live axle and leaf springs in the rear. Trim options included a base-level version, the LS, and the LT. Interior seating arrangements allowed for either bucket or bench seating in the first row, and optional 3rd row bench. Thus it could be configured from 2- to 9-passenger seating. Beginning in 1994, GM began making numerous annual changes to the Suburban, including:

  • Revised front clip (1994)
  • Revised interior including a driver-side air bag, revised side mirrors (1995)
  • Revised Vortec "5700" (350 cu. in.) and "7400" (454 cu. in) engines with increased power and fuel efficiency, electronic 4WD shifting, daytime running lights, illuminated entry, and some new interior features (1996)
  • Revised transmissions, improved steering system and added passenger-side air bag (1997)
  • Onstar, PassLock security system and full-time AutoTrac 4WD option added, next generation "depowered" air bags, revised steering wheel, transmissions revised again (1998)
  • No major changes upon introduction of redesigned 2000 models (1999)

In 1998, Holden premiered the right-hand-drive version of Suburban for local Australian and New Zealand markets with either petrol or diesel motors, built utilising the modified dashboard from 1995-2005 RHD Chevrolet Blazer. However, the sheer size and poor quality material doomed its first foray into the RHD market. Despite being withdrawn as a Holden brand, Chevrolet continues to export Suburbans to Australia with the Chevrolet badge.

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2000–2006 Edit

Template:Infobox Automobile generation

File:00-06 GMC Yukon XL.jpg
File:01-06 GMC Yukon XL Denali.jpg

The GMT800-based Suburbans were introduced in late 1999 for the 2000 model year. They were sold in two series: 1/2-ton 1500 and 3/4-ton 2500. Suburbans came in Base, LS and LT trims. All were available in either 2wd or optional pushbutton 4wd (with low-range transfer case). A tow hitch with a trailer wiring was a popular and relatively inexpensive option found on most new Suburbans. For 2000, Chevrolet's long-serving 5.7 L and 7.4 L V8 engines were retired along with the 6.5 L diesel; in their places came the new Template:Auto Lrev and Template:Auto Lrev in the 1500 and 2500 series, respectively. New features included:

  • A spare tire relocated beneath the vehicle (instead of in the cargo area as on previous models)
  • "Puddle lamps" in the exterior mirrors on LS and LT models
  • New instrument panel including a driver message center and engine hour meter
  • Electronic climate control available on LT models
  • Four-wheel disc brakes
  • Load-leveling Autoride suspension available on LT models
  • Premium Ride rear self-leveling suspension available on LS models

For 2001, the 6.0 L V8 in 2500-series Suburbans gained Template:Convert from a number of changes including aluminum cylinder heads. A new Template:Auto Lrev V8 was added as an option for the 2500 as well. OnStar became standard on LT models and LS models with the new Z71 package. Quadrasteer four-wheel steering was added as an option on 1500 series trucks. 2002 saw many optional features made standard equipment on the LS model, including front and rear air conditioning, alloy wheels, power windows, power front seats, side steps, fog lamps and heated outside rear view mirrors. Base models were discontinued, leaving LS and LT. The 5.3 L V8 in the 1500 series added flex-fuel capability. For 2003, all GM full-size trucks received an upgraded interior, with better-quality materials and other enhancements. New radios offered Radio Data System compatibility, XM satellite radio, Bose sound and improved ergonomics. Adjustable pedals were added as an option, and the instrument cluster-mounted Driver Information Center was improved and could report to the driver on as many as 34 vehicle functions. A Panasonic DVD system was added as an option. GM's Stabilitrak system was added, and Quadrasteer became available on 2500 series Suburbans, although it never became popular because of its cost and the fact that it ultimately reduced the heavy-duty Suburban's towing capacity to little more than that of the half-ton series. For 2004, 1500-series Suburbans got a new braking system, Hydroboost. Instead of relying on engine vacuum, Hydroboost is driven by the vehicle's steering system and is capable of providing better braking in case of an engine failure or stall. The Mexican-market Suburban received a front end update this year, matching that of the Silverado. The 2005 model year saw the long-standard "barn doors" discontinued in favor of the formerly optional liftgate. All engines switched to an all-electric cooling system to reduce power loss and fuel consumption. It also improved performance, both of the engine and the vehicle HVAC system. The Z71 package, long exclusive to 4wd models, became available on 2wd Suburbans. OnStar also became standard across the board. Finally, Stabilitrak became standard on all models shortly after the start of the model year. For 2006, the GMT800 Suburban's last year, a special LTZ trim package became available, coming with Template:Convert wheels, all-wheel drive, and the LQ4 6.0 L engine found in the 2500 series of trucks and SUVs. The catalytic converters were relocated closer to the engine, allowing for faster "light off" and reduced emissions. Improved appearance resulted from combining the XM radio antenna and the OnStar antenna into a single unit instead of two separate devices.

EnginesEdit

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2007–present Edit

Template:Infobox Automobile generation

File:'07 Yukon XL.jpg
File:GMC Yukon XL Denali.jpg

The 2007 model year Suburban and Yukon XL were unveiled at the 2006 Los Angeles Auto Show in January. Production of the redesigned GMT900 Suburban and Yukon XL began at Janesville Assembly and Silao Assembly in March 2006, with the vehicles arriving at dealerships in April. The new models were redesigned with more modern styling, already seen on the previously released 2007 Tahoes and Yukons. The exterior features a more aerodynamic shape, made partly by a steeply raked windshield angle. The new design has less drag than previous models, making it more aerodynamic. The interior has a redesigned dashboard and improved seats. It still retains its 9-passenger seating availability, which is available on LS, LT, LTZ, and Z71 models. LT2, LT3, and LTZ models welcome leather seating and available 6, 7, and 8 passenger seating. There is a Z71 package available on LT2 and LT3 models which includes two-tone leather seats. For the 2010 model year, in which US News & World Report ranked it as the number one affordable large SUV,[3] the Suburban will add a new premium interior package that includes tri-zone climate control and handy features like Bluetooth and rear audio controls. In addition, radios that are standard in all 2010 trims get a USB port, allowing for music to be played from auxiliary devices though the radio, as well as charging other small electronics. The 6.0 liter engine in the 2010 models will also be flex fuel capable. Minor front end changes including a slightly raised front bumper and side torso air bags were also made standard for 2010. In February 2010, Chevrolet unveiled a 75th anniversary edition of the Suburban, which will have the LTZ trim with white diamond tricoat exterior paint and cashmere interior, along with standard 20-inch chrome-clad wheels, revised roof rails, integrated navigation radio, XM Satellite Radio, Bluetooth phone connectivity, rearview camera, rear park assist, remote starting, adjustable pedals, and leather upholstery with heated/cooled front seats. Chevrolet says that the anniversary edition will be limited to 2,570 units because of the amount of white diamond paint GM can procure.[4] The 5.3 L and 6.0 L engines carried over, and a new Template:Convert 6.2 L Vortec V8 was added for the Yukon XL Denali.[5] The 8.1 L engine was dropped. For the 2011 model year, the Suburban will add three new exterior colors to the lineup: Mocha Steel Metallic, Green Steel Metallic, and Ice Blue Metallic. The trims will also get a updated modification, with the rear audio system, Bluetooth, floor console/storage area, wood grain interior, luggage rack rails, body-color exterior door handle/mirror caps and premium-cloth front bucket seats now standard on the 1LS trim, and chrome recovery hooks, two-speed transfer case, and 20-inch chrome wheels standard on its 1LZ 4WD models. In addition, the trailering package will feature the trailer brake controller as a standard on all trims.[6] The three-quarter ton model's towing capacity is 9,600 lbs, being one of the best of any 4x4 SUV and matched only by the Toyota Sequoia's towing capacity. The three-quarter ton model also has a GCVW of 16,000 lbs. The 2500 Suburban was originally sourced from Silao, Mexico from 2007-2008 but was moved to the Arlington, Texas assembly plant for the 2009 model year, where production of all GM fullsize SUVs was consolidated after the closing of the Janesville plant.Template:Citation needed Template:Clear

SafetyEdit

For the 2009 model year, the Suburban received the NHTSA's best rating of 5 stars in the frontal driver/passenger and side driver/passenger categories. Interestingly, its competitor, the Ford Expedition EL/Max, received the same high marks in those categories as well. NHTSA Chevrolet Suburban crash test results (For 2009 models):[7]

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Yearly American salesEdit

Calendar Year Suburban Yukon XL Total U.S. sales
1998[8] 108,933 - 108,933
1999[8] 138,977 1,857 140,834
2000[9] 133,123 47,016 180,139
2001[9] 154,782 70,706 225,488
2002[10] 151,056 67,556 218,612
2003[10] 135,222 70,887 206,109
2004[11] 119,545 65,917 185,462
2005[11] 87,011 53,652 140,663
2006[12] 77,211 45,413 122,624
2007[13] 83,673 45,303 128,976
2008[13] 54,058 26,404 80,462
2009[14] 41,055 16,819 57,874

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

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Template:Early Chevrolet Trucks Template:Chevrolet Truck Template:GMCar:شيفروليه سوبربان de:Chevrolet Suburban es:Chevrolet Suburban fa:شورلت سابربرن it:Chevrolet Suburban lt:Chevrolet Suburban ja:シボレー・サバーバン no:Chevrolet Suburban pt:Chevrolet Suburban tr:Chevrolet Suburban

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