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Template:Infobox Automobile Template:Commons category The Daewoo Matiz is a city car produced by the South Korean automaker GM Daewoo, marketed worldwide since 1998 when it replaced the Daewoo Tico. It is available solely as a five-door hatchback with two engine configurations. The Matiz was originally designed by Italdesign Giugiaro, and has received two facelifts. Various generations of the car have been sold under both Daewoo and various GM brands, and have been manufactured and marketed under license agreements by local automakers in several countries. The Matiz was built between 1998 and 2008 over 2,3 millions units[1] in the world. The Matiz was at the center of a 2006 international intellectual property rights controversy, with the design of the M100 copied outright by Chinese manufacturer Chery in its QQ.

First generation Edit

Template:Infobox Automobile generation

M100 (1998–2008) Edit

File:Matiz in.jpg

The production of Daewoo Matiz started in 1998 and it was sold in South Korea and many European markets with the code name M100. The exterior design is based on the Lucciola, a Fiat Cinquecento concept by Italdesign Giugiaro[2] which had been rejected by Fiat. The 0.8-litre gasoline engine and the transmission were carryovers from the Daewoo Tico. Engineering was carried out at Daewoo's Worthing Technical Centre in England. The car became the best selling Daewoo model in Europe and in India for the next four years. The Matiz was originally launched with just a 0.8 L 3-cylinder engine. This engine was developed from the TICO unit by Tickford, a UK company based in Milton Keynes. The Tickford connection was acknowledged in the brochures distributed in UK showrooms.

Copying controversy Edit

Also marketed in China as the Chevrolet Spark, the Matiz has been at the center of an industrial rights controversy ever since a very similar car, the Chery QQ, had been introduced by local manufacturer Chery Automobile. GM sued Chery, alleging piracy of the Spark design,[3] and proving the extent of the copy in that the doors of the Chery car and Chevrolet Spark were completely interchangeable.[4] GM China Group indicated the two vehicles "shared remarkably identical body structure, exterior design, interior design and key components." [3] MotorAuthority.com called the QQ a "carbon copy." [5] The International Herald Tribune in a 2005 article, referred to the QQ as a clone.[6] Putting the controversy in important context, the Detroit News reported that "the dispute reflects the confusion, risks and ambitions in China's new auto industry, where global carmakers are battling pugnacious upstarts for a piece of what may become the world's largest auto market."[7]

M150 (2000–present) Edit

It was designed at Daewoo's Worthing Technical Centre in England and introduced in South Korea in late 2000, and exported from 2001. The front-end structure was modified to accommodate a 4-cylinder engine, although the introduction of this engine, the 1.0-litre S-Tec unit was delayed until after Daewoo's takeover by General Motors in 2002[8]. M150 is still produced by UzDaewooAuto in Uzbekistan. In Japan it was sold under the name GM Daewoo Matiz II.

EngineEdit

Petrol engine
Model Engine Displacement Power Torque 0–100 km/h,s Top speed Note CO2 emission (g/km)
0.8I3796 cm³Template:ConvertTemplate:Convert @4600 rpm17.0Template:Convert 161
1.0I4995 cm³Template:ConvertTemplate:Convert @4300 rpm14.2Template:Convert introduced in 2002157

Template:-

Second generation Edit

Template:Infobox Automobile generation In 2005 the Matiz received substantial modifications (M200), previewed by the Chevrolet M3X concept car shown at 2004 Paris Motor Show. The upper body was significantly revised based again on a design from Italdesign Giugiaro, the S-Tec engines were updated and the car's drag coefficient was lowered, resulting in better fuel economy. The interior was also significantly revised, one notable feature of this car being its centre-mounted instrument cluster. The platform was also revised, with a twist-beam rear suspension system replacing the previous 3-link beam axle, and the front suspension making use of cast, rather than pressed and fabricated, lower control arms.

File:Centralconsole.jpg

In 2008, the 800cc engine was revised to fall below the 120g/km level, thus qualifying for the UK's £35 road tax band and no London Congestion Charge. In Europe it was sold under the name Chevrolet Matiz but in Italy exist the LPG version was called Chevrolet Matiz Eco Logic[9]. The Matiz Eco Logic was built from 2007 to 2010 in over 60.000 vehicles by BRC Gas Equipment in Cherasco, Cuneo (Italy)[10]. In South Korea, where it is sold only with a 800 cc engine and following the introduction of M300 Matiz (Matiz Creative), the M200 Matiz was renamed to Matiz Classic.[11] Chevrolet Spark LPG: was a version for the Indian market with Sequential Injection-type LPG kit. Available models include 1.0L PS and 1.0L LS. The car was unveilled on World Environment Day in New Delhi.[12] Chevrolet Spark Muzic Special Edition (2009-): was a version of Chevrolet Spark for the Indian market, with following features:[13]

  • Body coloured outside rear view mirrors
  • Turn indicators mounted on ORVM
  • Attractive body graphics
  • Body coloured door handles
  • Special edition badging
  • New sporty upholstery for interiors
  • Remote keyless entry

SafetyEdit

The 2005 Chevrolet Matiz scored three stars (with one strike through) in the EuroNCAP crash test: "The final adult occupant protection star is struck through because there was an unacceptably high risk of life-threatening injury to the chest in side impact." test: "Overall this is a creditable performance from a car without a side airbag."[14] By contrast, the pre-2005 Daewoo Matiz was awarded 72% in the side impact Euro NCAP In Europe, the Matiz is equipped with front seatbelt pretensioners, front seatbelt load limiters, driver and passenger frontal airbags and ISOFIX rear anchorages.

EngineEdit

Petrol engine
Model Engine Displacement Power Torque 0–100 km/h,s Top speed Note CO2 emission (g/km)
0.8I3796 cm³Template:ConvertTemplate:Convert @4400 rpm18.2Template:Convert 123
1.0I4995 cm³Template:ConvertTemplate:Convert @4200 rpm14.1Template:Convert 133

Template:- Template:Anchor

Third generation Edit

Template:Infobox Automobile generation The redesigned Matiz (codenamed M300) is based on the Chevrolet Beat concept car.

Concept Edit

File:Chevrolet Beat concept front.jpg

The Chevrolet Beat was unveiled at the 2007 New York International Auto Show alongside two other concept vehicles, the Trax and the Groove. The Beat is a front-drive, three-door hatchback concept, derived from the Daewoo Kalos. It was built in India,[15] and designed by GM Daewoo in South Korea. It is powered by a 1.2 L turbocharged gasoline engine mated to an automatic transmission.[16] The Beat concept sports a Vertigo Green exterior paint job with the same hue carried over to parts of the interior. Its profile is high at the rear and tapering down evenly to the front of the grille. Headlights that appear to extend all the way from the base of the grille to the base of the windshield are LED-type. Oversize 17 inch wheels barely hide the matching green paint of disc brakes. Twin taillights that extend upward to the back-up lights are also LED's. In early 2007, GM conducted a poll testing the relative popularity of the Beat, Trax and Groove concepts on a Chevrolet website,[17] with the Beat receiving nearly 50% of the vote, which ultimately determined the car making it into production. This car was designed to appeal to young car buyers in urban markets, infusing the energy, diversity and excitement of urban life into a car that would deliver good-looking fun, fuel economy and value.

Production Edit

File:20100823 daewoo matiz creative 2.jpg

GM presented a pre-production version of the Chevrolet Beat carrying the Chevrolet Spark nameplate at the 2009 North American International Auto Show. The production version was announced at the 2009 North American International Auto Show, but only the Beat concept was shown at the time.[18] The production Chevrolet Spark was unveiled at the 2009 Geneva Motor Show.[19] It is expected to be available in the first quarter of 2010 in Europe,[20] followed by other markets worldwide, with US sales set to begin in early 2012.[21] Commercial production of a 5-door Chevrolet Beat started from December 15, 2009 in Halol, India. It was launched in India on January 5, 2010 during Auto Expo New Delhi, India.[22] The GM Daewoo Matiz version was unveiled in Seoul Motor Show 2009.[23] The Auto platform was replaced by GM Gamma platform, developed by GM Daewoo engineers.

Regional variationsEdit

  • Europe: engine choices include 1.0 and 1.2-litre I4 engines. In Italy there exists a variant of the Spark called the Chevrolet Spark Eco Logic that was built by BRC Gas Equipment from the end of 2009. This low emission version has a dual power LPG engine 1.0 and 1.2 16V with 113 to 119 g of CO2 emission.
Petrol engine
Model Engine Displacement Power Torque 0–100 km/h,s Top speed Note CO2 emission (g/km)
1.0I4995 cm³Template:Convert @6400 rpmTemplate:Convert @4800 rpm15.5Template:Convert 119
1.2I41206 cm³Template:Convert @6400 rpmTemplate:Convert @4800 rpm12.1Template:Convert 119
  • India: production of the New Spark has started at Halol Plant near Ahmedabad in Gujarat, India. Initially the car will be Sold in India and Far eastern countries. The current spark will be sold as the Spark classic. GM India was reported to build an electric version of Chevrolet Spark with Reva Electric Car Company.[24]
  • South Korea: the Matiz version was renamed to Matiz Creative. The global car includes Template:Convert S-TEC II engine with 4-speed automatic transmission. Sales began in 2009-09-01.[25] The Groove name used in one of the rejected concepts returned as a trim level.[26]
  • Australia: the Spark is set to be released as a Holden in the first half of 2010.

In popular cultureEdit

The Chevrolet Beat concept car served as the alternate mode for the Autobot known as Skids in the film Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen.[27] It has been confirmed that both twins have this car as alternate mode in Transformers 3. Skids will appear as a black production version Chevy Spark with a green stripe and Mudflap as a black Chevy Spark with an orange stripe.[28]

Global marketing and manufactureEdit

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AsiaEdit

  • In India, it was launched in 1999 as the Daewoo Matiz. In 2007, General Motors India launched the Chevrolet M3X concept based third generation, as the Chevrolet Spark.
  • In Japan, the Matiz was sold under the GM Daewoo brand.
  • In the Philippines, the Matiz was available during the years 1999-2000 through the Grey Market. In 2007, it was released under the name Chevrolet Spark.
  • In Pakistan, the car was initially introduced as Chevrolet Exclusive in 2003. From 2005-2009 it was manufactured by Nexus Automotive under the name Chevrolet Joy, which has now been replaced by the newer M200 series and is currently sold as the Chevrolet Spark.

EuropeEdit

  • From 1998 until 2004, the Matiz was sold in Europe under the Daewoo badge. In 2005, it took the Chevrolet marque, as well as the other South Korean models of General Motors.
  • Since 2000, CKD kits have been supplied UzDaewooAuto, FSO and Rodae, to be built and sold in Uzbekistan, Poland and Romania respectively. At the beginning of 2005, the Polish Matiz started to be sold under the marque FSO (FSO Matiz), which obtained autonomy. New models of Matiz are sold as Chevrolet Spark.

The AmericasEdit

  • In Mexico, the Matiz was introduced to the market in 2003. The 2006 model was renamed to Pontiac Matiz G2. It was also sold as Pontiac Matiz and Pontiac G2. The Pontiac G2 was discontinued in Mexico after a short run of 2010 models as the brand fades. The new version was officially launched as Chevrolet Spark in August 2010.
  • The car is set to begin sales in Brazil in 2010.
  • In the Dominican Republic it is sold as the Chevy Spark.
  • In Colombia, the Matiz was imported by Daewoo distributors between 2002 and 2005 and then GM Colmotores began to assemble and sell it branded as Chevrolet Spark. In 2006, a taxi version called 7/24 was launched. In July 2010, GM Colmotores began to assemble and sell The Chevrolet "Spark GT" 5 doors known in other conuntries as the Chevrolet Beat.
  • In Argentina, Chile, Ecuador, El Salvador, Honduras, Panama, Uruguay and Venezuela it is sold as the Chevrolet Spark.
  • In Perú it is sold as the Daewoo Matiz.
  • In Paraguay, it was initially sold as Daewoo Matiz, but from 2008 it is sold through Chevrolet dealers.
  • The M300 version was set to begin sales in United States as Chevrolet Spark beginning in 2011.

ReferencesEdit

External links Edit

Template:GM Daewoo timeline Template:General Motors India cs:Chevrolet Spark de:Chevrolet Matiz es:Chevrolet Spark fa:دوو ماتیز fr:Daewoo Matiz ko:대우 마티즈 hi:दाएवू मैटिज़ hr:Chevrolet Matiz id:Daewoo Matiz it:Daewoo Matiz nl:Chevrolet Matiz ja:GM大宇・マティス uz:Matiz pl:Daewoo Matiz pt:Chevrolet Spark ro:Daewoo Matiz ru:Daewoo Matiz fi:Chevrolet Matiz sv:Chevrolet Matiz tr:Daewoo Matiz uk:Daewoo Matiz vi:Daewoo Matiz

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